Skip to main content


Published onApr 27, 2020

Abowd, Gregory D., and Elizabeth D. Mynatt. 2000. Charting past, present, and future research in ubiquitous computing. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 7 (1):29–58.

Abrams, Janet, and Peter Hall, eds. 2006. Else/Where: Mapping—New Cartographies of Networks and Territories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Design Institute.

Adamic, Lada, and Eytan Adar. 2005. How to search a social network. Social Networks 27 (3):187–203.

Adamic, Lada, Orkut Buyukkokten, and Eytan Adar. 2003. A social network caught in the Web. First Monday 8 (6).

Adamic, Lada, and Natalie Glance. 2005. The political blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. election: Divided they blog. In Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Link Discovery. New York: ACM Press.

Adar, Eytan, Li Zhang, Lada A. Adamic, and Rajan M. Lukose. 2004. Implicit structure and the dynamics of blogspace. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth International World Wide Web Conference: Workshop on the Weblogging Ecosystem. New York: ACM Press.

Addley, Esther. 2011. Gay Girl in Damascus hoaxer acted out of “vanity.” Guardian, June 13.

Ahlberg, C., and B. Shneiderman. 1994. Visual information seeking: Tight coupling of dynamic query filters with starfield displays. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Celebrating Interdependence, 313–317. New York: ACM Press.

Ahlberg, C., Christopher Williamson, and Ben Shneiderman. 1992. Dynamic queries for information exploration: An implementation and evaluation. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Aladdin and the Magic Lamp. Project Gutenberg.

Albers, Joseph. 1975. Interaction of Color. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Original edition, 1963.

Allport, G. W. 1979. The Nature of Prejudice. New York: Perseus Books. Original edition, 1954.

Ambady, Nalini, Mark Hallahan, and Robert Rosenthal. 1995. On judging and being judged accurately in zero acquaintance situations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69:518–529.

Ambady, Nalini, and Robert Rosenthal. 1992. Thin slices of expressive behavior as predictors of interpersonal consequences: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 111:256–274.

Ames, Morgan G., Janet Go, Joseph “Jofish” Kaye, and Mirjana Spasojevic. 2010. Making love in the network closet: The benefits and work of family videochat. In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Anderson, Sam. 2010. The Human Shuffle: Is ChatRoulette the future of the Internet or its distant past? New York Times Magazine, Feb. 5.

Argyle, Michael. 1993. The Psychology of Interpersonal Behaviour. London: Penguin Books.

Argyle, Michael, and Mark Cook. 1976. Gaze and Mutual Gaze. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Arnheim, R. 1974. Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Arnheim, R. 2004. Visual Thinking. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Avedon, Richard. 1985. In the American West, 1979–1984. New York: Harry N. Abrams.

Bachour, K., F. Kaplan, and P. Dillenbourg. 2010. An interactive table for supporting participation balance in face-to-face collaborative learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies 3 (3):203–213.

Bailenson, J. N., and A. C. Beall. 2006. Transformed social interaction: Exploring the digital plasticity of avatars. In Avatars at Work and Play: Collaboration and Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments, ed. R. Schroeder and A. Axelsson, 1–16. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Bailenson, J. N., Shanto Iyengar, Nick Yee, and Nathan A. Collins. 2009. Facial similarity between voters and candidates causes influence. Public Opinion Quarterly 72 (5):935–961.

Bailenson, J. N., and Nick Yee. 2005. Digital chameleons. Psychological Science 16 (10):814.

Bailenson, J. N., Nick Yee, Dan Merget, and Ralph Schroeder. 2006. The effect of behavioral realism and form realism of real-time avatar faces on verbal disclosure, nonverbal disclosure, emotion recognition, and copresence in dyadic interaction. Presence 15 (4):359–372.

Baker, Nancy V. 2003. National security versus civil liberties. Presidential Studies Quarterly 33 (3):547–567.

Balzer, Michael, Oliver Deussen, and Claus Lewerentz. 2005. Voronoi treemaps for the visualization of software metrics. In 2005 ACM Symposium on Software Visualization, 165–172. New York: ACM Press.

Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo, Hawoong Jeong, Zoltan Neda, Erzsebet Ravasz, Andras Schubert, and Tamas Vicsek. 2002. Evolution of the social network of scientific collaborations. American Physical Society Meeting Abstracts: 27012.

Barash, V., N. Ducheneaut, E. Isaacs, and V. Bellotti. 2010. Faceplant: Impression (Mis) management in Facebook status updates. In Fourth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. Palo Alto: AAAI Press.

Barlow, John Perry. 1996. A declaration of the independence of cyberspace. https://projects

Baron, N. 1998. Letters by phone or speech by other means: The linguistics of email. Language and Communication 18:133–170.

Baron, N. 2005. Discourse structures in instant messaging: The case of utterance breaks. Language@Internet 7, article 4.

Barry, Dan, Serge F. Kovaleski, Campbell Robertson, and Lizette Alvarez. 2012. Race, tragedy, and outrage collide after a shot in Florida. New York Times, April 1 (online, US section).

Bateman, Scott, Regan Mandryk, Carl Gutwin, Aaron Genest, David McDine, and Christopher Brooks. 2010. Useful junk? The effects of visual embellishment on comprehension and memorability of charts. In ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2010). New York: ACM Press.

Baumer, Franklin L. 1977. Modern European Thought. New York: Macmillan.

Baym, Nancy K. 1999. Tune In, Log On: Soaps, Fandom, and Online Community. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Becker, R. A., S. G. Eick, and A. R. Wilks. 1995. Visualizing network data. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 1 (1):16–28.

Bederson, B. B., and J. D. Hollan. 1994. Pad++: a zooming graphical interface for exploring alternate interface physics. In Proceedings of the Seventh Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, 17–26. New York: ACM Press.

Bederson, B. B., Ben Shneiderman, and Martin Wattenberg. 2002. Ordered and quantum treemaps: Making effective use of 2D space to display hierarchies. ACM Transactions on Graphics 21 (4):833–854.

Bellotti, Victoria, and Abigail J. Sellen. 1993. Design for privacy in ubiquitous computing environments. In Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. New York: Kluwer Academic.

Bentham, Jeremy. 1791. Panopticon, or The Inspection House. Dublin.

Bergstrom, T., and K. Karahalios. 2007. Conversation clock: Visualizing audio patterns in co-located groups. In Proceedings of IEEE. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Bernard, H. R., E. C. Johnsen, P. D. Killworth, C. McCarty, G. A. Shelley, and S. Robinson. 1990. Comparing four different methods for measuring personal social networks. Social Networks 12 (3):179–215.

Bernstein, M. S., A. Monroy-Hernández, D. Harry, P. André, K. Panovich, and G. Vargas. 2011. 4chan and /b/: An analysis of anonymity and ephemerality in a large online community. In Proceedings of the Fifth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. Palo Alto: AAAI Press.

Bertrand, Marianne, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2003. Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination. National Bureau of Economic Research.

Bian, Yanjie. 1997. Bringing strong ties back in: Indirect ties, network bridges, and job searches in China. American Sociological Review 62 (3):366–385.

Bian, Yanjie. 1999. Getting a job through a web of guanxi in China. In Networks in the Global Village: Life in Contemporary Communities, ed. Barry Wellman, 255–278. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Bignami, Francesca. 2007. European versus American liberty: A comparative privacy analysis of anti-terrorism data-mining. Boston College Law Review 48:609.

Biocca, F. 1997. The cyborg’s dilemma: Progressive embodiment in virtual environments. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 3 (2).

Blei, David M., and John D. Lafferty. 2006. Dynamic topic models. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third International Conference on Machine Learning. New York: ACM Press.

Boase, Jeffrey, John Horrigan, Barry Wellman, and Lee Rainie. 2006. The Strength of Internet Ties. Washingon, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Bonvillain, Nancy. 1993. Language, Culture, and Communication: The Meaning of Messages. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Borgatti, S. P., A. Mehra, D. J. Brass, and G. Labianca. 2009. Network analysis in the social sciences. Science 323 (5916):892–895.

Borges, Jorge Luis. 1998. Collected Fictions. Trans. Andrew Hurley. New York: Viking.

Boroditsky, Lera, Michael Ramscar, and Michael Frank. 2001. The roles of body and mind in abstract thought. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Borovoy, R., F. Martin, S. Vemuri, M. Resnick, B. Silverman, and C. Hancock. 1998. Meme tags and community mirrors: moving from conferences to collaboration. In Proceedings of the 1998 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Borovoy, R., Brian Silverman, Tim Gorton, Matt Notowidigdo, Brian Knep, Mitchel Resnick, and Jeff Klann. 2001. Folk computing: Revisiting oral tradition as a scaffold for co-present communities. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Original edition, Les Ediitons de Minuit, 1979.

boyd, danah. 2004. Friendster and publicly articulated social networking. In Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’04). New York: ACM Press.

boyd, danah. 2006. Friends, Friendsters, and Top 8: Writing community into being on social network sites. First Monday 11 (12).

boyd, danah, and Nicole B. Ellison. 2007. Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13 (1):210–230.

boyd, danah, Hyun-yeul Lee, Dan Ramage, and Judith Donath. 2002. Developing legible visualizations for online social spaces. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS’02). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Brand, S. 1997. How Buildings Learn: What Happens after They’re Built. New York: Viking Penguin.

Brandes, U., J. Raab, and D. Wagner. 2001. Exploratory network visualization: Simultaneous display of actor status and connections. Journal of Social Structure 2 (4):1–28.

Brandon, Merel, Simon Epskamp, Thomas de Groot, Tim Franssen, Bart van Gennep, and Thomas Visser. 2011. The effects visual feedback on social behavior during decision making meetings. In Human Interface and the Management of Information: Interacting with Information, ed. Gavriel Salvendy and Michael Smith, 6772:219–228. Berlin: Springer.

Brennan, S. E. 1985. Caricature generator: The dynamic exaggeration of faces by computer. Leonardo 18 (3):170–178.

Brilliant, R. 1990. Portraiture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Brown, Janelle. 1999. What does it take to make a buck off of Usenet? Salon, May 24.

Bruce, Vicki, and Andy Young. 1998. In the Eye of the Beholder: The Science of Face Perception. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bruckman, Amy S. 1993. Gender swapping on the Internet. In Proceedings of INET ’93. Reston, VA: The Internet Society.

Brzezinski, M. 2003. The unmanned army. New York Times.

Bumgarner, Lee S. 1998. Usenet: The great renaming 1985–1988.

Burke, Moira, Robert Kraut, and Cameron Marlow. 2011. Social capital on Facebook: Differentiating uses and users. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Burt, Ronald S. 2002. Bridge decay. Social Networks 24 (4):333–363.

Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. London: Routledge.

Butler, Paul. 2013. Bit aesthetics.

Byrne, David. 2003. Envisioning emotional epistemological information. http://www

Byron, Lee, and Martin Wattenberg. 2008. Stacked graphs—geometry and aesthetics. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 14 (6):1245–1252.

Calacanis, Jason. 2012. This week in startups: Jonathan Abrams, episode 303.

Campbell, Heidi A., and Oren Golan. 2011. Creating digital enclaves: Negotiation of the internet among bounded religious communities. Media, Culture, and Society 33 (5):709–724.

Card, S. K., T. P. Moran, and A. Newell. 1983. The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Carroll, Lewis. 1893. Sylvie and Bruno Concluded. New York: Macmillan.

Carson, Paula Phillips, Patricia A. Lanier, Kerry David Carson, and Brandi N. Guidry. 2000. Clearing a path through the management fashion jungle: Some preliminary trailblazing. Academy of Management Journal 43 (6):1143–1158.

Cassell, J., and H. Vilhjálmsson. 1999. Fully embodied conversational avatars: Making communicative behaviors autonomous. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 2 (1):45–64.

Cassidy, M. 2008. Flying with disability in Second Life. Eureka Street 18 (1):22.

Castells, Manuel. 2000. The Rise of the Network Society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

Centola, Damon. 2010. The spread of behavior in an online social network experiment. Science 329 (5996):1194–1197.

Chafkin, Matt. 2007. How to kill a great idea! Inc., June 1.

Chartrand, T. L., and J. A. Bargh. 1999. The chameleon effect: The perception-behavior link and social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76:893–910.

Chernoff, H. 1973. The use of faces to represent points in k-dimensional space graphically. Journal of the American Statistical Association 68:331–368.

Christakis, N. A., and J. H. Fowler. 2007. The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New England Journal of Medicine 357 (4):370.

Christakis, N. A., and J. H. Fowler. 2008. The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network. New England Journal of Medicine 358 (21):2249–2258.

Churchill, Elizabeth, Andreas Girgensohn, Les Nelson, and Alison Lee. 2004. Blending digital and physical spaces for ubiquitous community participation. Communications of the ACM 47 (2):38–44.

Clark, Herbert H. 1996. Using Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Clark, Herbert H., and Susan E. Brennan. 1991. Grounding in communication. In Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition, ed. Lauren B. Resnick, John M. Levine, and Stephanie D. Teasley, 127–149. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cleland, Kathy. 2004. Talk to me: Getting personal with interactive art. In Interaction: Systems, Practice, and Theory.

Clifford, Stephanie, and Quentin Hardy. 2013. Attention, shoppers: Store is tracking your cell. New York Times.

CNBC. 2010. Inside the mind of Google.

Coates, James, Marjorie David, Eric Gwinn, and Clarence Petersen. 1994. Compuserve pries open the floodgates of the ’Net. Chicago Tribune, Oct. 7, 69.

Cohen, Dov, and Joe Vandello. 1998. Meanings of violence. Journal of Legal Studies 27 (2):567–584.

Cohen, Paula Marantz. 2003. On the death of portraiture. Yale Review 91 (3):62–72.

Cole, David, and James X. Dempsey. 2006. Terrorism and the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security. New York: New Press.

Cook, Gareth. 2013. What about Denise? New Yorker.

Copple, Robert. F. 1989. Privacy and the frontier thesis: An American intersection of self and society. American Journal of Jurisprudence 34: 87.

Corbusier, Le. 1986. Towards a New Architecture. Trans. Frederick Etchells. Mineola, NY: Dover. Original edition, London: John Rodker, 1931.

Cosmides, Leda, John Tooby, and Robert Kurzban. 2003. Perceptions of race. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):173–179.

Cunningham, B. 2003. Re-thinking objectivity. Columbia Journalism Review 42 (2):24–32.

Dabbish, Laura A., Robert E. Kraut, Susan Fussell, and Sara Kiesler. 2005. Understanding email use: predicting action on a message. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Dalkvist, J., and J. Westerlund. 1998. Experimental studies on telepathic group communication of emotions. Journal of Scientific Exploration 12 (4):583–603.

Danet, B. 1998. Text as mask: Gender, play, and performance on the Internet. In Cybersociety 2.0: Revisiting Computer-Mediated Communication and Community, ed. Steven G. Jones, 129–158. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

D’Angelo, A. 2003. BuddyZoo.

Davies, Lizzy. 2012. Higgs boson announcement: Cern scientists discover subatomic particle. Guardian, July 4, 2012.

Davis, Eric W. 2003. Teleportation Physics Study. Edwards Air Force Base, CA: Air Force Research Lab.

DeLaney, David. 1995. Net legends FAQ.

de Sola Pool, Ithiel, and Manfred Kochen. 1979. Contacts and influence. Social Networks 1 (1):5–51.

DeVoto, Jeanne A. E. 1994. The Zumabot’s tale.

Dibbell, J. 1993. A rape in cyberspace, or how an evil clown, a Haitian trickster spirit, two wizards, and a cast of dozens turned a database into a society. Village Voice, December 23.

Dibbell, Julian. 2008. Mutilated furries, flying phalluses: Put the blame on griefers, the sociopaths of the virtual world. Wired, Jan. 18, 2008.

DiMicco, Joan Morris, Katherine J. Hollenbach, Anna Pandolfo, and Walter Bender. 2007. The impact of increased awareness while face-to-face. Human-Computer Interaction 22 (1):47–96.

DiMicco, Joan Morris, Anna Pandolfo, and Walter Bender. 2004. Influencing group participation with a shared display. In Proceedings of the 2004 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

DNA Art by DNA 11. 2012.

Dobson, K. 2002a. AgoraPhone. Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dobson, K. 2002b. AgoraPhone.

Dodds, P. S., R. Muhamad, and D. J. Watts. 2003. An experimental study of search in global social networks. Science 301 (5634):827.

Dodge, Martin, and Rob Kitchin. 2000. Atlas of Cyberspace. London: Addison-Wesley.

Donath, Judith. 1995. Visual who. In Proceedings of the Third ACM International Conference on Multimedia ’95. New York: ACM Press.

Donath, Judith. 1998. Identity and deception in the virtual community. In Communities in Cyberspace, ed. Marc Smith and Peter Kollock. New York: Routledge.

Donath, Judith. 2001. Mediated faces. In Proceedings of Cognitive Technology: Instruments of Mind: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Donath, Judith. 2002. A semantic approach to visualizing online conversations. Communications of the ACM 45 (4):45–49.

Donath, Judith. 2004a. Artificial pets: Simple behaviors elicit complex attachments. In The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, ed. Marc Bekoff, 3:955–957. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Donath, Judith. 2004b. Social Visualization: MIT MAS.965. MIT Open Courseware.

Donath, Judith. 2006. The rhythms of salience: A conversation map.

Donath, Judith. 2007. Signals in social supernets. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13 (1):231–251.

Donath, Judith. 2008. Technological interventions in everyday interaction. In Act/React Exhibition Catalog. Milwaukee, WI: Milwaukee Art Museum.

Donath, Judith. 2011. Pamphlets, paintings, and programs: Faithful reproduction and untidy generativity in the physical and digital domains. In Switching Codes: Thinking through Digital Technology in the Humanities and the Arts, ed. Thomas Bartscherer and Roderick Coover, 301. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Donath, Judith. Forthcoming. The Economics of Honesty.

Donath, Judith, and danah boyd. 2004. Public displays of connection. BT Technology Journal 22 (4): 71–82.

Donath, Judith, Karrie Karahalios, and Fernanda Viégas. 1999. Visualizing conversations. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 4 (4).

Donath, Judith, Karrie Karahalios, and Fernanda Viégas. 2000. Visiphone. In Proceedings of International Conference for Auditory Display. Atlanta, GA: International Community for Auditory Display.

Donath, Judith, and Fernanda Viégas. 2002. The chat circles series: Explorations in designing abstract graphical communication interfaces. In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Dourish, P., W. K. Edwards, A. LaMarca, and M. Salisbury. 1999. Presto: An experimental architecture for fluid interactive document spaces. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 6 (2):133–161.

Dourish, Paul. 2004. Where the Action Is: The Foundations of Embodied Interaction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dourish, Paul, Annette Adler, Victoria Bellotti, and Austin Henderson. 1996. Your place or mine? Learning from long-term use of audio-video communication. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 5 (1):33–62.

Dourish, Paul, and Sara Bly. 1992. Portholes: Supporting awareness in a distributed work group. In Proceedings of CHI ’92 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Dragulescu, Alex. 2009. Lexigraphs.

Dubrovsky, Vitaly J., Sara Kiesler, and Beheruz N. Sethna. 1991. The equalization phenomenon: Status effects in computer-mediated and face-to-face decision-making groups. Human-Computer Interaction 6 (2):119–146.

Ducheneaut, N., and V. Bellotti. 2001. Email as habitat: An exploration of embedded personal information management. Interaction 8 (5):30–38.

Ducheneaut, N., R. J. Moore, and E. Nickell. 2007. Virtual “third places”: A case study of sociability in massively multiplayer games. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 16 (1):129–166.

Ducheneaut, N., N. Yee, E. Nickell, and R. J. Moore. 2006. Alone together? Exploring the social dynamics of massively multiplayer online games. In Proceedings of the ACM. New York: ACM Press.

Dumont, Maarten, Sammy Rogmans, Steven Maesen, and Philippe Bekaert. 2009. Optimized two-party video chat with restored eye contact using graphics hardware. In e-Business and Telecommunications 48:358–372. Berlin: Berlin Heidelberg.

Dunbar, R. I. M. 1993. Coevolution of neocortical size, group size, and language in humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):681–693.

Dunbar, R. I. M. 1996. Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Dunbar, R. I. M. 1998. The social brain hypothesis. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews 6 (5):178–190.

Dunne, Anthony. 1999. Hertzian Tales. London: Royal College of Art.

Dunning, William V. 1991. Changing Images of Pictorial Space: A History of Spatial Illusion in Painting. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Eagle, N., and A. Pentland. 2005. Social serendipity: Mobilizing social software. IEEE Pervasive Computing 4 (2):28–34.

Eagle, N., and A. Pentland. 2006. Reality mining: Sensing complex social systems. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 10 (4):255–268.

Eagle, N., A. Pentland, and D. Lazer. 2009. Inferring friendship network structure by using mobile phone data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106 (36):15274–15278.

Eames, Charles, and Ray Eames. 1977. Powers of Ten: A Film Dealing with the Relative Size of Things in the Universe and the Effect of Adding Another Zero.

Eastwick, Paul W., and Wendi L. Gardner. 2009. Is it a game? Evidence for social influence in the virtual world. Social Influence 4 (1):18–32.

Eisner, W. 2001. Comics and Sequential Art. Tamrac, FL: Poorhouse Press.

Ekman, Paul. 1992. Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marriage. New York: W. W. Norton.

Ellison, N. B., C. Steinfield, and C. Lampe. 2007. The benefits of Facebook “friends”: Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12 (4):1143–1168.

Ellison, N., R. Heino, and J. Gibbs. 2006. Managing impressions online: Self-presentation processes in the online dating environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 11(2):415–441.

Esbjörnsson, M., O. Juhlin, and M. Östergren. 2004. Traffic encounters and Hocman: Associating motorcycle ethnography with design. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 8 (2):92–99.

Etheridge, Eric, Roger, Wilkins, and Diane McWhorter. 2008. Breach of Peace: Portraits of the 1961 Mississippi Freedom Riders. New York: Atlas.

Farah, Martha J. 2005. Neuroethics: The practical and the philosophical. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):34–40.

Feinsod, M. 2000. The blind beautiful eye. Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society 20 (1): 22.

Feld, S.L. 1981. The focused organization of social ties. American Journal of Sociology 86 (5): 1015–1035.

Fertig, Scott, Eric Freeman, and David Gelernter. 1996. Lifestreams: An alternative to the desktop metaphor. Conference companion to Human Factors in Computing Systems: Common Ground: 410–411.

Fiore, Andrew T., Vidya Lakshmipathy, and Joan M. DiMicco. 2002. Conductive chat: Instant messaging with a skin conductivity channel. Poster presented at the 2002 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. http://people.ischool.berkeley

Fischer, Claude. S. 1994. America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Fisher, D., A. J. Brush, E. Gleave, and M. A. Smith. 2006. Revisiting Whittaker & Sidner’s email overload ten years later. In Proceedings of the 2006 20th Anniversary Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Fiske, Susan T. 1993. Social cognition and social perception. Annual Review of Psychology 44:155–194.

Forman-Brunell, Miriam. 2009. Babysitter: An American History. New York: NYU Press.

Forte, A., V. Larco, and A. Bruckman. 2009. Decentralization in Wikipedia governance. Journal of Management Information Systems 26 (1):49–72.

Foucault, M. 1979. Discipline and Punish. New York: Vintage Books.

4chan FAQ. 2012. Available from

Freeman, L. C. 1979. Centrality in social networks conceptual clarification. Social Networks 1 (3):215–239.

Freeman, L. C. 2000. Visualizing social networks. Journal of Social Structure 1:1.

Freeman, L. C. 2004. The Development of Social Network Analysis. Vancouver, BC: Empirical Press.

Freiberger, P., and M. Swaine. 2000. Fire in the Valley. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Freud, Sigmund. 2010. The Interpretation of Dreams, 3rd ed. New York: World Public Library. (Originally published 1911.)

Freud royal portrait divides critics. 2001. BBC News, December 21, 2001.

Fridlund, A. J. 1997. The new ethology of human facial expression. In The Psychology of Facial Expression, ed. J. A. Russell and J. M. Fernández-Dols. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.

Friedman, E. J., and P. Resnick. 2001. The social cost of cheap pseudonyms. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy 10 (2):173–199.

Fu, Yang-chih. 2005. Measuring personal networks with daily contacts: A single-item survey question and the contact diary. Social Networks 27 (3): 169–186.

Funder, D. C. 1995. On the accuracy of personality judgment: A realistic approach. Psychological Review 102 (4):652–669.

Furnas, George W., and Benjamin B. Bederson. 1995. Space-scale diagrams: Understanding multiscale interfaces. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Gallagher, Ryan. 2013. Software that tracks people on social media created by defence firm. Guardian, February 10.

Galloway, Kit, and Sherrie Rabinowitz. 1980. Hole-in-Space.

Garton, L., C. Haythornthwaite, and B. Wellman. 1997. Studying online social networks. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 3 (1):1–27.

Gaver, W. W. 1989. The SonicFinder: An interface that uses auditory icons. Human-Computer Interaction 4 (1):67–94.

Gavin, Alison M. 2009. In the King’s service: Hugh Finlay and the postal system in Colonial America. Prologue Magazine 41 (2).

Gavin, Patrick. 2011. Keith Urbahn’s tweet heard around the world. http://www.politico

Gianotti, Fabiola. 2012. Status of Standard Model Higgs searches in ATLAS. https://indico

Gibbs, Jennifer L., Nicole B. Ellison, and Rebecca D. Heino. 2006. Self-presentation in online personals: The role of anticipated future interaction, self-disclosure, and perceived success in Internet dating. Communication Research 33 (2):152–177.

Gibson, J. J. 1986. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Giles, Jim. 2005. Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature 438 (7070):900–901.

Gillespie, Tarleton. 2012. Can an algorithm be wrong? Limn 2.

Gillespie, Tarleton. 2013. The relevance of algorithms. In Media Technologies, ed. Tarleton Gillespie, Pablo J. Boczkowski, and Kirsten A. Foot. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Girvan, M., and M. E. J. Newman. 2002. Community structure in social and biological networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99 (12):7821–7826.

Goffman, Erving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor Books.

Goffman, Erving. 1966. Behavior in Public Places. New York: Free Press.

Goffman, Erving. 1967. On face-work: An analysis of ritual elements in social interaction. In Interaction Ritual, 5–46. New York: Pantheon Books. Original published in Psychiatry: Journal of Interpersonal Relations 18 (3), 1955, 213–231.

Goffman, Erving. 1981. Forms of Talk. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Goldberg, K. 2001. The Robot in the Garden: Telerobotics and Telepistemology in the Age of the Internet. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Goldberg, K., D. Song, Y. Khor, D. Pescovitz, A. Levandowski, J. Himmelstein, J. Shih, A. Ho, E. Paulos, and J. Donath. 2002. Collaborative online teleoperation with spatial dynamic voting and a human “tele-actor.” In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Golder, Scott, and Judith Donath. 2004. Social role in electronic communites. In Proceedings of Association of Internet Researchers. Bristol, England.

Golder, Scott A., and Michael W. Macy. 2011. Diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures. Science 333 (6051): 1878–1881.

Goldin, Claudia, and Cecilia Rouse. 1997. Orchestrating impartiality: The impact of “blind” auditions on female musicians. National Bureau of Economic Research.

Goldin, Nan. 1986. The Ballad of Sexual Dependency. New York: Aperture.

Gombrich, E. H. 1981. The sense of order: A study in the psychology of decorative art. Leonardo 14 (1):88.

Gosling, S. D., S. Gaddis, and S. Vazire. 2007. Personality impressions based on Facebook profiles. In Proceedings of 3rd International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. Palo Alto: AAAI Press.

Granovetter, Mark S. 1973. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology 78:1360–1380.

Granovetter, Mark S. 1983. The strength of weak ties revisited. Sociological Theory 1:201–233.

Gratch, J., J. Rickel, E. André, J. Cassell, E. Petajan, and N. Badler. 2002. Creating interactive virtual humans: Some assembly required. IEEE Intelligent Systems 17:54–63.

Gray, Thomas. 1753. Designs by Mr. R. Bentley, for Six Poems by Mr. T. Gray. London.

Gregory, R. L. 1990. Eye and Brain: The Psychology of Seeing. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Original edition, 1966.

Grinspan, Izzy. 2011. Fashion folks learn of Osama bin Laden’s death via @dkny.

Grinter, Rebecca, and Leysia Palen. 2002. Instant messaging in teen life. In Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW’02). New York: ACM Press.

Gruhl, Daniel R. Guha, David Liben-Nowell, and Andrew Tomkins. 2004. Information diffusion through blogspace. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on the World Wide Web. New York: ACM Press.

Guare, John. 1994. Six Degrees of Separation. New York: Vintage. Original edition, 1990.

Guldi, J. 2012. Roads to Power: Britain Invents the Infrastructure State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hafner, K. and M. Lyon. 2000. Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins of the Internet. New York: Touchstone Books.

Hajratwala, Minal. 2011. A thousand sighs: Memoir of a hoax.

Hall, R. H., and P. Hanna. 2004. The impact of web page text-background colour combinations on readability, retention, aesthetics and behavioural intention. Behaviour and Information Technology 23 (3):183–195.

Halle, D. 1993. Inside Culture: Art and Class in the American Home. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hallnäs, L., and J. Redström. 2002. From use to presence: On the expressions and aesthetics of everyday computational things. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 9 (2):106–124.

Hampton, K., and B. Wellman. 2003. Neighboring in Netville: How the Internet supports community and social capital in a wired suburb. City and Community 2 (4):277–311.

Hampton, K., Chul-joo Lee, and Eun Ja Her. 2011. How new media affords network diversity: Direct and mediated access to social capital through participation in local social settings. New Media and Society. DOI: 10.1177/1461444810390342.

Hampton, K., Lauren F. Sessions, and Eun Ja Her. 2011. Core networks, social isolation and new media: How Internet and mobile phone use is related to network size and diversity. Information Communication and Society 14 (1):1–26.

Hancock, J. T., and P. J. Dunham. 2001. Impression formation in computer-mediated communication revisited. Communication Research 28 (3):325–347.

Haraway, Donna 1994. A manifesto for cyborgs: Science, technology, and socialist feminism in the 1980s. In The Postmodern Turn: New Perspectives on Social Theory, ed. Steven Seidman, 82–115. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Originally published in Socialist Review (80), 1985.

Hardin, Garrett. 1968. The tragedy of the commons. Science 162:1243–1248.

Hargittai, Eszter. 2009. Research Confidential: Solutions to Problems Most Social Scientists Pretend They Never Have. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Harley, J. B. 2008. Maps, knowledge, and power. In Geographic Thought: A Praxis Perspective, ed. George L. Henderson and Marvin Waterstone, 129–148. Oxford: Routledge.

Harmon, Katherine. 2004. You Are Here: Personal Geographies and Other Maps of the Imagination. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Harnad, Steven. 1990. The symbol grounding problem. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 42:335–346.

Harper, Jim. 2006. Identity Crisis: How Identification Is Overused and Misunderstood. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.

Harry, Drew, and Judith Donath. 2008. Information spaces—building meeting rooms in virtual environments. In Proceedings of CHI ’08: Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Hauben, M., and R. Hauben. 1997. Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Hauben, Ronda. 2002. Commodifying Usenet and the Usenet archive, or Continuing the online cooperative Usenet culture. Science Studies 15 (1):61–68.

Headland, Thomas N., Lawrence A. Reid, M. G. Bicchieri, Charles A. Bishop, Robert Blust, Nicholas E. Flanders, Peter M. Gardner, Karl L. Hutterer, Arkadiusz Marciniak, Robert F. Schroeder, and Stefan Seitz. 1989. Hunter-gatherers and their neighbors from prehistory to the present [and comments and replies]. Current Anthropology 30 (1):43–66.

Heer, J., M. Bostock, and V. Ogievetsky. 2010. A tour through the visualization zoo. Communications of the ACM 53 (6):59–67.

Heer, J., and d. boyd. 2005. Vizster: Visualizing online social networks. In InfoVis: 2005 IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Hello Robot Software. 2012.WEBBRICK: Telerobotics made easy.

Herlihy, D. 1973. Three patterns of social mobility in medieval history. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 3 (4):623–647.

Herring, Susan. 2000. Gender differences in computer-mediated communication: Findings and implications. Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility Journal 18 (1).

Herring, Susan. 2001. Gender and power in online communication. Center for Social Informatics Working Papers.

Heyes, Cecilia. 2001. Causes and consequences of imitation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (6):253–261.

Hill, R. A., and R. I. M. Dunbar. 2003. Social network size in humans. Human Nature 14 (1):53–72.

Hirsh, S., A. Sellen, and N. Brokopp. 2005. Why HP people do and don’t use videoconferencing systems. Retrieved 22:2007.

Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 2012. The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Hogan, B., J. A. Carrasco, and B. Wellman. 2007. Visualizing personal networks: Working with participant-aided sociograms. Field Methods 19 (2):116.

Hollan, J., and S. Stornetta. 1992. Beyond being there. In Proceedings of SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Holland, Dorothy, and Debra Skinner. 1987. Prestige and intimacy: The cultural models behind Americans’ talk about gender types. In Cultural Models in Language and Thought, ed. D. Holland and N. Quinn, 78–111. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Holt, Stannie. 1997. Usenet Bans CompuServe. PCWorld, Nov. 18.

Hoque, Mohammed, Rana el Kaliouby, and Rosalind Picard. 2009. When human coders (and machines) disagree on the meaning of facial affect in spontaneous videos. In Intelligent Virtual Agents, ed. Zsófia Ruttkay, Michael Kipp, Anton Nijholt, and Hannes Högni Vilhjálmsson, 5773:337–343. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Hovers, E., S. Ilani, O. Bar-Yosef, B. Vandermeersch, L. Barham, A. Belfer-Cohen, R. G. Klein, C. Knight, C. Power, and I. Watts. 2003. An early case of color symbolism. Current Anthropology 44 (4):491–522.

Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. 1999. Mother Nature. New York: Pantheon Books.

Humphreys, L. 2008. Mobile social networks and social practice: A case study of Dodgeball. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13 (1):341–360.

Isaacs, E., and J. Tang. 1994. What video can and can’t do for collaboration. In Proceedings of Multimedia Systems.

Jacobs, Jane. 1992. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage.

Jacobson, David. 1999. Impression formation in cyberspace: Online expectations and offline experiences in text-based virtual communities. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 5 (1).

Jacobson, N., and W. Bender. 1996. Color as a determined communication. IBM Systems Journal 35 (3):526–538.

Jernigan, C., and B. F. T. Mistree. 2009. Gaydar: Facebook friendships expose sexual orientation. First Monday 14 (10).

Jia, Yuntao, Jared Hoberock, Garland Michae, and John Hart. 2008. On the visualization of social and other scale-free networks. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 14 (6):1285–1292.

Johnson, Jeff, Teresa L. Roberts, William Verplank, David Canfield Smith, Charles H. Irby, Marian Beard, and Kevin Mackey. 1989. The Xerox star: A retrospective. Computer 22 (9):11–26.

Jones, Rosie, Ravi Kumar, Bo Pang, and Andrew Tomkins. 2007. I know what you did last summer: Query logs and user privacy. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management. New York: ACM Press.

Jordan, Alexander H., Benoît Monin, Carol S. Dweck, Benjamin J. Lovett, Oliver P. John, and James J. Gross. 2011. Misery has more company than people think: Underestimating the prevalence of others’ negative emotions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37 (1):120–135.

Judge, Timothy A., and Daniel M. Cable. 2004. The effect of physical height on workplace success and income: Preliminary test of a theoretical model. Journal of Applied Psychology 89 (3):428–440.

Kadare, Ismail. 2002. The File on H.: A Novel. New York: Arcade.

Kandinsky, W. 2009. Concerning the Spiritual in Art. New York: MFA Publications. Original edition, 1911.

Kaplan, Frédéric. 2000. Free creatures: The role of uselessness in the design of artificial pets. In Proceedings of First Edutainement Workshop.

Karahalios, K. G. 2004. Social catalysts: Embracing communication in mediated spaces. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Karahalios, K. G., and Kelly Dobson. 2005. Chit Chat Club: Bridging virtual and physical space for social interaction. In Proceedings of Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Karinthy, Frigyes. 1929. Chain links. In Everything Is Different. Translated from Hungarian and annotated by Adam Makkai and edited by Enikö Jankó.

Keim, D. A. 2002. Information visualization and visual data mining. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 8 (1):1–8.

Keim, D. A. 2001. Visual exploration of large data sets. Communications of the ACM 44 (8):38–44.

Keim, De Benneville Randolph. 1886. Hand-Book of Official and Social Etiquette and Public Ceremonials at Washington. Washington, DC

Kelly, J. and B. Etling. 2008. Mapping Iran’s online public: Politics and culture in the Persian blogosphere. Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2008-01.

Kenton, O’Hara, Maxine Glancy, and Simon Robertshaw. 2008. Understanding collective play in an urban screen game. In Proceedings of the 2008 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Kerr, B. 2003. Thread arcs: An email thread visualization. In IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization 2003 (INFOVIS 2003). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Kim, Richard. 2011. We are all human microphones now.

King, Homay. 2012. Antiphon: Notes on the people’s microphone. Journal of Popular Music Studies 24 (2):238–246.

Kirkpatrick, David. 2010. The Facebook Effect: The Inside Story of the Company That Is Connecting the World. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Kirkpatrick, Marshall. 2010. Facebook’s Zuckerberg says the age of privacy is over.

Kleinfeld, Judith. 2002. The small world problem. Society 39 (2):61–66.

Klinenberg, Eric. 2003. Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Klinenberg, Eric. 2013. Adaptation. New Yorker, Jan. 7, 32–37.

Kling, Rob, Ya-Ching Lee, Al Teich, and Mark S. Frankel. 1999. Assessing anonymous communication on the Internet: Policy deliberations. Information Society 15 (2):79–90.

Knowles, Josh. 2007. ITP Student List Conversation Visualization.

Kollock, P. and M. Smith. 1996. Managing the virtual commons: Cooperation and conflict in computer communities. Pragmatics and Beyond (New Series): 109–128.

Komar, Vitaly, and Alex Melamid. 2011. Komar & Melamid: The most wanted paintings.Dia Center for the Arts.

Komar, Vitaly, JoAnn Wypijewski, and Aleksandr Melamid. 1997. Painting by Numbers: Komar and Melamid’s Scientific Guide to Art. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Korte, C., and S. Milgram. 1970. Acquaintance networks between racial groups: Application of the small world method. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 15 (2):101–108.

Krackhardt, D. 1990. Assessing the political landscape: Structure, cognition, and power in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 35:342–369.

Krackhardt, D., and D. J. Brass. 1994. Intraorganizational networks. In Advances in Social Network Analysis, ed. S. Wasseman and J. Galaskiewicz, 207–229. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Kraut, Robert, Michael Patterson, Vicki Lundmark, Sara Kiesler, T. Mukophadhyay, and William Scherlis. 1998. Internet paradox. American Psychologist 53 (9):1017–1031.

Krebs, Valdis. 2004. A brief introduction to social network analysis.

Krueger, Myron. 1991. Artificial Reality II. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Krueger, Myron, Thomas Gionfriddo, and Katrin Hinrichsen. 1985. VIDEOPLACE—an artificial reality. SIGCHI Bulletin 16 (4):35–40.

Kumar, Gautam, and Michael Garland. 2006. Visual exploration of complex time-varying graphs. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 12 (5):805–812.

Kurlander, D., T. Skelly, and D. Salesin. 1996. Comic chat. In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH ’96.

Kurzban, Robert, John Tooby, and Leda Cosmides. 2001. Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98 (26):15387–15392.

Lakoff, George. 1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1999. Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic Books.

Lam, Francis, and Judith Donath. 2005. Seascape and volcano: Visualizing online discussions using timeless motion. In Proceedings of CHI ’05: Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Lamont, Michele, and Marcel Fournier. 1993. Introduction. In Cultivating Differences, ed. Michele Lamont and Marcel Fournier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lampe, Cliff, and Paul Resnick. 2004. Slash(dot) and burn: Distributed moderation in a large online conversation space. In Proceedings of ACM Computer Human Interaction Conference. New York: ACM Press.

Lampinen, Airi, Vilma Lehtinen, Asko Lehmuskallio, and Sakari Tamminen. 2011. We’re in it together: Interpersonal management of disclosure in social network services. In Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Land, E. H. 1977. The retinex theory of color vision. Scientific American 237:108–120.

Langheinrich, M. 2001. Privacy by design-principles of privacy-aware ubiquitous systems. In Proceedings of Ubicomp. Berlin: Springer.

Lanier, J. 2001. Virtually there. Scientific American 284 (4):52–61.

Laraqui, Jawad. 2007. Activity based interfaces in online social networks. Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Lee, Harper. 1962. To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: Popular Library. Original edition, 1960.

Lee, Y. T., L. Albright, and T. E. Malloy. 2001. Social perception and stereotyping: An interpersonal and intercultural approach. International Journal of Group Tensions 30 (2):183–209.

Leiner, Barry M., Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Daniel C. Lynch, Jon Postel, Larry G. Roberts, and Stephen Wolff. 2009. A brief history of the internet. SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 39 (5):22–31.

Lewis, Kevin, Jason Kaufman, and Nicholas Christakis. 2008. The taste for privacy: An analysis of college student privacy settings in an online social network. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 14 (1):79–100.

Licklider, J. C. R. and R. W. Taylor. 1968. The computer as a communication device. Science and Technology 76:21–31.

Lin, Nan. 2002. Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action. Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lin, Nan, Paul Dayton, and Peter Greenwald. 1978. Analyzing the instrumental uses of relations in the context of social structure. Sociological Methods and Research 7 (2):149–166.

Ling, Rich. 2002. The social juxtaposition of mobile telephone conversations and public spaces. In Proceedings of Conference on the Social Consequence of Mobile Telephones. Chunchon, Korea.

Liu, B. 2010. Sentiment analysis and subjectivity. In Handbook of Natural Language Processing, 2nd ed., ed. Nitin Indurkhya and Fred J. Damerau, 627–666. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Liu, Christine, and Judith Donath. 2006. Urbanhermes: Social signaling with electronic fashion. In Proceedings of SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Lockton, Vance, and Richard Rosenberg. 2005. RFID: The next serious threat to privacy. Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):221–231.

Lotan, Gilad. 2011. Breaking bin Laden: Visualizing the power of a single tweet.

Lotan, Gilad. 2011. Data reveals that “Occupying” Twitter trending topics is harder than it looks!

Lotan, Gilad, Erhardt Graeff, Mike Ananny, Devin Gaffney, Ian Pearce, and danah boyd. 2011. The revolutions were tweeted: Information flows during the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions. International Journal of Communication 5.

MacDonald, L. W. 1999. Using color effectively in computer graphics. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 19 (4):20–35.

Mackay, W. 1988a. Diversity in the use of electronic mail: A preliminary inquiry. ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems 6 (4): 380–397.

Mackay, W. 1988b. More than just a communication system: Diversity in the use of electronic mail. In Proceedings of ACM CSCW ’88: Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Madden, Mary, and Aaron Smith. 2010. Reputation management and social media. Pew Internet & American Life Project.

Mann, Steve, Jason Nolan, and Barry Wellman. 2003. Sousveillance: Inventing and using wearable computing devices for data collection in surveillance environments. Surveillance and Society 1 (3):331–355.

Mantei, Marilyn M., Ronald M. Baecker, Abigail J. Sellen, William A. S. Buxton, Thomas Milligan, and Barry Wellman. 1991. Experiences in the use of a media space. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Reaching through Technology, New Orleans, LA. New York: ACM Press.

Marche, Stephen. 2012. Is Facebook making us lonely? Atlantic.

Marketdata Enterprises, Inc. 2012. The U.S. Dating Services Market.

Marsden, Peter 1990. Network data and measurement. Annual Review of Sociology 16:435–463.

Marsden, Peter. 2005. Recent developments in network measurement. In Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis, ed. Peter J. Carrington, John Scott, and Stanley Wasserman, 8–30. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Marx, G. T. 1999. What’s in a name? Some reflections on the sociology of anonymity. Information Society 15 (2):99–112.

Maspero, Gaston. 2005. History of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, vol. 8 (of 12). Ed. A. H. Sayce.

Matei, S., S. J. Ball-Rokeach, and J. L. Qiu. 2001. Fear and misperception of Los Angeles urban space: A spatial-statistical study of communication-shaped mental maps. Communication Research 28 (4):429–463.

Mauldin, M. L. 1994. Chatterbots, tinymuds, and the Turing test: Entering the Loebner Prize competition. In Proceedings of the Eleventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence. London: John Wiley & Sons.

McCallum, A., X. Wang, and A. Corrada-Emmanuel. 2007. Topic and role discovery in social networks with experiments on Enron and academic email. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 30 (1):249–272.

McCarthy, Joseph F., David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen, and Al M. Rashid. 2004. Augmenting the social space of an academic conference. In Proceedings of the 2004 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

McKenna, K. Y. A., A. S. Green, and M. E. J. Gleason. 2002. Relationship formation on the Internet: What’s the big attraction? Journal of Social Issues 58 (1):9–31.

McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Matthew E. Brashears. 2006. Social isolation in America: Changes in core discussion networks over two decades. American Sociological Review 71 (3):353–375.

McQuire, Scott. 2006. Urban screens: Discovering the potential of outdoor screens for urban society. First Monday 11 (4).

Meltzoff, Andrew N., and Jean Decety. 2003. What imitation tells us about social cognition: A rapprochement between developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences 358 (1431):491–500.

Menzel, Peter 1994. Material World: A Global Family Portrait. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.

Meyrowitz, J. 1985. No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.

Milgram, S. 1964. The urban bystander. Nation 198 (25):602–604. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Milgram, S. 1967. The small-world problem. Psychology Today 1:62–67. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Milgram, S. 1970. The experience of living in cities. Science 167 (3924):1461–1468. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Milgram, S. 1972. The familiar stranger: An aspect of urban anonymity. In Division 8 Newsletter, Division of Personality and Social Psychology. Washington: American Psychological Association July. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill. July, 1977.

Milgram, S. 1978. On maintaining social norms: A field experiment in the subway. In Advances in Environmental Psychology: The Urban Environment, ed. A. Baum, J. E. Singer, and S. Valins. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Milgram, S., and D. Jodelet. 1976. Psychological maps of Paris. Environmental Psychology 2:104–112. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Milgram, S., H. J. Liberty, R. Toledo, and J. Wackenhut. 1986. Response to intrusion into waiting lines. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51 (4):683–689. Reprinted in S. Milgram, The Individual in a Social World, 2nd. ed., ed. John Sabini and Maury Silver. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Miller, Rebecca. 2011. She came to me. In New Irish Short Stories, ed. Joseph O’Connor. London: Faber & Faber.

Minar, Nelson, and Judith Donath. 1999. Visualizing the crowds at a website. In Proceedings of Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI). New York: ACM Press.

Mindich, David T. Z. 2000. Just the Facts: How “Objectivity” Came to Define American Journalism. New York: NYU Press.

Mislove, Alan, Sune Lehmann, Yong-Yeol Ahn, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, and J. Niels Rosenquis. 2010. Pulse of the Nation: U.S. Mood Throughout the Day Inferred from Twitter.

Mollon, John. 1990. The tricks of colour. In Images and Understanding, ed. H. B. Barlow, M. Weston-Smith, and C. Blakemore, 61–80. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Monmonier, M. 1996. How to Lie with Maps. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mori, Masahiro. 1970. The uncanny valley. Trans. Karl F. MacDorman and Takashi Minato. Energy 7 (4):33–35.

Morningstar, Chip, and F. Randall Farmer. 2008. The lessons of Lucasfilm’s Habitat1. In Cyberspace: First Steps, ed. Michael Benedikt, 273–302. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Nakamura, L. 2008. Cyberrace. PMLA 123 (5):1673–1682.

Narayanan, Arvind, and Vitaly Shmatikov. 2009. De-anonymizing social networks. In 2009 30th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Nass, C., J. Steuer, and E. Tauber. 1994. Computers are social actors. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 72–78. New York: ACM Press.

Needham, Joseph, and Ling Wang. 1972. Science and Civilisation in China: Physics and Physical Technology, vol. 1: Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 1970. The Architecture Machine: Toward a More Human Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 1975. Soft Architecture Machines. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Negroponte, Nicholas. 1996. Being Digital. New York: Random House Digital.

Nelson, L. D., and J. P. Simmons. 2009. On southbound ease and northbound fees: Literal consequences of the metaphoric link between vertical position and cardinal direction. Journal of Marketing Research 46 (6):715–724.

Newman, Ron. 1996. The Church of Scientology vs.

Nijholt, A., D. P. O. Bos, and B. Reuderink. 2009. Turning shortcomings into challenges: Brain-computer interfaces for games. Entertainment Computing 1 (2):85–94.

Nissenbaum, Helen. 1998. Protecting privacy in an information age: The problem of privacy in public. Law and Philosophy 17 (5):559–596.

Nissenbaum, Helen. 1999. The meaning of anonymity in an information age. Information Society 15 (2):141–144.

Nissenbaum, Helen. 2004. Privacy as contextual integrity. Washington Law Review 79 (1):119–158.

Nonnecke, B., and J. Preece. 2003. Silent participants: Getting to know lurkers better. In From Usenet to CoWebs, ed. C. Leug and D. Fisher. London: Springer.

Nord, G. D., T. F. McCubbins, and J. H. Nord. 2006. E-monitoring in the workplace: Privacy, legislation, and surveillance software. Communications of the ACM 49 (8):72–77.

Norman, Donald A. 1990. The Design of Everyday Things. New York: Doubleday.

Norman, Donald A. 1999. Affordance, conventions, and design. Interaction 6 (3):38–41.

Norman, Donald A. 2002. Emotion and design: Attractive things work better. Interaction 9 (4):36–42.

Nov, Oded. 2007. What motivates Wikipedians? Communications of the ACM 50 (11):60–64.

Nowak, K. L., and Frank Biocca. 2003. The effect of the agency and anthropomorphism on users’ sense of telepresence, copresence, and social presence in virtual environments. Presence 12 (5):481–494.

Nowak, K. L., and C. Rauh. 2005. The influence of the avatar on online perceptions of anthropomorphism, androgyny, credibility, homophily, and attraction. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 11 (1):153–178.

Núñez, Rafael E., and Eve Sweetser. 2006. With the future behind them: Convergent evidence from Aymara language and gesture in the crosslinguistic comparison of spatial construals of time. Cognitive Science 30 (3):401–450.

O’Brien, Jodi. 1999. Writing in the body: Gender (re)production in online interaction. In Communities in Cyberspace, ed. Marc A. Smith and Peter Kollock, 76–104. London: Routledge.

Offenhuber, Dietmar, and Judith Donath. 2008. Comment flow: Visualizing communication along network path. In Interface Cultures: Artistic Aspects of Interaction, ed. Christa Sommerer, Laurent Mignonneau, and Dorothée King. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

O’Hara, Kenton, Alison Black, and Matthew Lipson. 2006. Everyday practices with mobile video telephony. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Oliver, Melvin L. 1988. The urban black community as network: Toward a social network perspective. Sociological Quarterly 29 (4):623–645.

Ong, W. J. 2002. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge.

Orwell, George. 1949. 1984. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.

Osborne, Peter, and Lynne Segal. 1994. In A Critical Sense: Interviews with Intellectuals, ed. Peter Osborn, 109–125. London: Routledge.

Ostrom, E. 1999. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ostrowe v. Lee, 175 N.E. 505, 506 (NY Ct. App. 1931).

Ozer, N. A. and J. A. Lynch. 2010. Protecting reader privacy in digital books. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Privacy 2010 Symposium.

Page, L., S. Brin, R. Motwani, and T. Winograd. 1999. The PageRank citation ranking: Bringing order to the web.

Palen, L., and P. Dourish. 2003. Unpacking “privacy” for a networked world. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Pang, Alex T., Craig M. Wittenbrink, and Suresh K. Lodha. 1997. Approaches to uncertainty visualization. Visual Computer 13 (8):370–390.

Pang, B., and L. Lee. 2008. Opinion mining and sentiment analysis. Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval 2 (1–2):1–135.

Panteli, Niki. 2002. Richness, power cues and email text. Information and Management 40:75–86.

Parise, Salvatore, Sara Kiesler, Lee Sproull, and Keith Waters. 1996. My partner is a real dog: Cooperation with social agents. In Proceedings of the 1996 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Parviz, Babak A. 2009. Augmented reality in a contact lens. IEEE Spectrum 46 (9):36–41.

Paulos, E., and John Canny. 1997. Ubiquitous tele-embodiment: Applications and implications. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 46 (6):861–877.

Paulos, E., and John Canny. 1999. Designing personal tele-embodiment. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Paulos, E., and John Canny. 2001. Social tele-embodiment: Understanding presence. Autonomous Robots 11 (1):87–95.

Paulos, E., and E. Goodman. 2004. The familiar stranger: Anxiety, comfort, and play in public places. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 223–230. New York: ACM Press.

Pederson, Thomas, Dipak Surie, Haruhisa Ichikawa, We-Duke Cho, Ichiro Satoh, and Hee Youn. 2007. Towards an activity-aware wearable computing platform based on an egocentric interaction model. In Ubiquitous Computing Systems, vol. 4836, ed. Haruhisa Ichikawa, We-Duke Cho, Ichiro Satoh, and HeeYong Youn, 211–227. Berlin: Springer.

Pennebaker, J. W., M. R. Mehl, and K. G. Niederhoffer. 2003. Psychological aspects of natural language use: Our words, our selves. Annual Review of Psychology 54 (1):547–577.

Perkins, Roderick, Dan Smith Keller, and Frank Ludolph. 1997. Inventing the Lisa user interface. Interaction 4 (1):40–53.

Perlin, Ken, and David Fox. 1993. Pad: An alternative approach to the computer interface. In Proceedings of the 20th annual Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques. New York: ACM Press.

Perry, Ethan, and Judith Donath. 2004. Anthropomorphic visualization: A new approach for depicting participants in online spaces. In Proceedings of Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Picard, R. W., and G. Cosier. 1997. Affective intelligence—the missing link? BT Technology Journal 15 (4):151–162.

Picard, R. W., E. Vyzas, and J. Healey. 2001. Toward machine emotional intelligence: Analysis of affective physiological state. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 23 (10):1175–1191.

Pipes, Daniel. 2006. An unveiling: Separate, but acceptable?

Plaisant, C., B. Milash, A. Rose, S. Widoff, and B. Shneiderman. 1996. LifeLines: Visualizing personal histories. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’96), ed. Michael J. Tauber, 221–227. New York: ACM Press.

Poh, M. Z., D. J. McDuff, and R. W. Picard. 2011. Advancements in noncontact, multiparameter physiological measurements using a webcam. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 58 (1):7–11.

Preece, J., Y. Rogers, and H. Sharp. 2002. Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction. New York: John Wiley.

Priedhorsky, R., J. Chen, S. T. K. Lam, K. Panciera, L. Terveen, and J. Riedl. 2007. Creating, destroying, and restoring value in Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 2007 International ACM Conference on Supporting Group Work (GROUP ’07). New York: ACM Press.

Putnam, R. D. 1995. Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy 6:65–78.

Rachels, James. 1975. Why privacy is important. Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):323–333.

Racine, Eric, and Judy Illes. 2007. Emerging ethical challenges in advanced neuroimaging research: Review, recommendations, and research agenda. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 2 (2):1–10.

Rainie, Lee, and Barry Wellman. 2012. Networked: The New Social Operating System. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Randall, L. 2012. Higgs Discovery: The Power of Empty Space. New York: HarperCollins.

Raymond, Eric S. 2003. The Jargon File, version 4.4.8.

Reeves, Byron, and Clifford Nass. 1996. The Media Equation: How People Treat Computers, Television, and New Media Like Real People and Places. New York: Cambridge University Press/CSLI.

Rekimoto, Jun, Takashi Miyaki, and Takaaki Ishizawa. 2007. LifeTag: WiFi-based continuous location logging for life pattern analysis. In Proceedings of Location- and Context-Awareness: Third International Symposium (LoCA 2007), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. New York: Springer.

Reynolds, Ren. 2002. Intellectual property rights in community based video games.

Rheingold, Howard. 1993. The Virtual Community. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Roberts, Sam G. B., Robin I. M. Dunbar, Thomas V. Pollet, and Toon Kuppens. 2009. Exploring variation in active network size: Constraints and ego characteristics. Social Networks 31 (2):138–146.

Robinson, J. P., and G. Godbey. 1999. Time for Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Rodenstein, Roy, and Judith Donath. 2000. Talking in circles: Designing a spatially-grounded audioconferencing environment. In Proceedings of CHI ’00. New York: ACM Press.

Romero, Daniel M., Brendan Meeder, and Jon Kleinberg. 2011. Differences in the mechanics of information diffusion across topics: idioms, political hashtags, and complex contagion on twitter. In Proceedings of the Twentieth International Conference on the World Wide Web. New York: ACM Press.

Rosch, Eleanor. 1975. Cognitive representations of semantic categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology 104:192–233.

Rosch, Eleanor, Carolyn B. Mervis, Wayne D. Gray, David M. Johnson, and Penny Boyes-Braem. 1976. Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology 8 (3):382–439.

Rosen, J. 2000. The Unwanted Gaze. New York: Random House.

Rosen, J. 2005. The Naked Crowd: Reclaiming Security and Freedom in an Anxious Age. New York: Random House.

Rosen, J. 2010. The web means the end of forgetting. New York Times, July 25.

Roueché, C. 1984. Acclamations in the Later Roman Empire: New evidence from Aphrodisias. Journal of Roman Studies 74:181–199.

Ruffle, B. J., and R. Sosis. 2007. Does it pay to pray? Costly ritual and cooperation. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 7 (1):18.

Russell, James A., and José Miguel Fernández-Dols, eds. 1997. The Psychology of Facial Expression. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Salaff, Janet W., Eric Fong, and Wong Siu-lun. 1999. Using social networks to exit Hong Kong. In Networks in the Global Village, ed. Barry Wellman, 299–329. Boulder: Westview Press.

Salomon, Gitta. 1990. New uses for color. In The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design, ed. Brenda Laurel, 269–279. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Salton, Gerard. 1988. Automatic Text Processing: The Transformation Analysis and Retrieval of Information by Computer. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Saville-Troike, M. 2003. The Ethnography of Communication: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.

Schegloff, Emanuel A. 2000. Overlapping talk and the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language in Society 29 (01):1–63.

Schneider, Norbert. 2002. The Art of the Portrait: Masterpieces of European Portrait-Painting, 1420–1670. Cologne: Taschen.

Schneier, Bruce. 2011. Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World. New York: Wiley.

Schubert, T. W. 2005. Your highness: Vertical positions as perceptual symbols of power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89 (1):1.

Sebanz, Natalie, Harold Bekkering, and Günther Knoblich. 2006. Joint action: Bodies and minds moving together. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):70–76.

Segel, Edward, and Jeffrey Heer. 2010. Narrative visualization: Telling stories with data. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 16 (6):1139–1148.

Sennett, Richard. 1976. The Fall of Public Man. New York: W. W. Norton.

Sennett, Richard. 1996. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization. New York: W. W. Norton.

SFMOMA. 2008. On Hole in Space, by Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz.

Shen, S. T., M. Woolley, and S. Prior. 2006. Towards culture-centred design. Interacting with Computers 18 (4):820–852.

Sherman, Erik. 2011. When MySpace goes, what happens to the data and privacy?

Sherman, Kelly. 2006. Wish Lists. Boston: Institute of Contemporary Art.

Shneiderman, B. 1994. Dynamic queries for visual information seeking. IEEE Software 11 (6):70–77.

Shneiderman, B. 1996. The eyes have it: A task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations. In IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, 336–343. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Shneiderman, B. 1998–2009. Treemaps for space-constrained visualization of hierarchies.

Shneiderman, B., and A. Aris. 2006. Network visualization by semantic substrates. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 12:733–740.

Siebold, J. 1998. Ebsdorf Mappamundi, slide 224. Index of Cartographic Images Illustrating Maps of the Early Medieval Period 400–1300 a.d.

Simmel, Georg. 1950. The metropolis and mental life. In The Sociology of Georg Simmel, ed. Kurt H. Wolff, 409–424. New York: Free Press. Original edition, 1903.

Simmel, Georg. 1959. How is society possible? In Georg Simmel, 1858–1918: A Collection of Essays. Ed. Kurt H. Wolff. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press. Original edition, 1908.

Skirvin, Tim. 1999. Cancel messages: Frequently asked questions (v1.75).

Sloane, P. 1989. The Visual Nature of Color. New York: Design Press.

Smith, Aaron. 2011. Why Americans use social media. Pew Internet and American Life Project.

Solove, Daniel J. 2002. Conceptualizing privacy. California Law Review 90:1087–1155.

Sosis, R. 2003. Why aren’t we all Hutterites? Human Nature 14 (2):91–127.

Sosis, R. 2005. Does religion promote trust? The role of signaling, reputation, and punishment. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 1:1–30.

Sprenger, Polly. 1999. Sun on privacy: “Get over it.” Wired, January 26.

Sproull, L., and S. Kiesler. 1991a. Two-level perspective on electronic mail in organizations. Journal of Organizational Computing 1 (2):125–134.

Sproull, L., and S. Kiesler. 1991b. Connections: New Ways of Working in the Networked Organization. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sproull, L., R. Subramani, J. Walker, S. Kiesler, and K. Waters. 1996. When the interface is a face. Human-Computer Interaction 11:97–124.

Starner, T., S. Mann, B. Rhodes, J. Levine, J. Healey, D. Kirsch, R. W. Picard, and A. Pentland. 1997. Augmented reality through wearable computing. Presence 6 (4):386–398.

Stecher, K., and S. Counts. 2008. Thin slices of online profile attributes. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. Palo Alto, CA: AAAI Press.

Steen, Elisabeth Waelgaard, Mariann Komissar, and Alfhild Birkeland. 2002. Made in Africa.

Steinpreis, Rhea E., Katie A. Anders, and Dawn Ritzke. 1999. The impact of gender on the review of the curricula vitae of job applicants and tenure candidates: A national empirical study. Sex Roles 41 (7–8):509–528.

Stiller, James, and R. I. M. Dunbar. 2007. Perspective-taking and memory capacity predict social network size. Social Networks 29 (1):93–104.

Stone, Brad. 2010. For Web’s new wave, sharing details is the point. New York Times, April 23, A1.

Strickland, Rachel. 1998. Portable EFFECTS.

Suh, Bongwon, Gregorio Convertino, Ed H. Chi, and Peter Pirolli. 2009. The singularity is not near: Slowing growth of Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration. New York: ACM Press.

Sullivan, L. H. 1896. The tall office building artistically considered. Lippincott’s Magazine, March.

Surridge, Alison K., Daniel Osorio, and Nicholas I. Mundy. 2003. Evolution and selection of trichromatic vision in primates. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18 (4):198–205.

Sutton, J., L. Palen, and I. Shklovski. 2008. Backchannels on the front lines: Emergent uses of social media in the 2007 Southern California wildfires. In Proceedings of the 2008 Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Conference (ISCRAM 2008). Washington, DC.

Tang, D. J. 2002. The Tele-Reporter: A collaborative interface for goal-oriented teledirection. Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Tannen, D. 1994. Gender and Discourse. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tannen, D. 2007. Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Targ, R., and H. Puthoff. 1974. Information transmission under conditions of sensory shielding. Nature 251: 602–607.

Thornton, S. 1996. Club Cultures: Music, Media, and Subcultural Capital. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

Thornton, S. 2009. Seven Days in the Art World. New York: W. W. Norton.

Thrower, N. J. W. 2007. Maps and Civilization: Cartography in Culture and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Thucydides. 1954. The History of the Peloponnesian War. Translated by Rex Warner. London: Penguin. Original edition, 431 b.c.e.

Toma, Catalina L., Jeffrey T. Hancock, and Nicole B. Ellison. 2008. Separating fact from fiction: An examination of deceptive self-presentation in online dating profiles. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 34 (8):1023–1036.

Tractinsky, Noam. 2012. Visual aesthetics in human-computer interaction and interaction design. In Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, ed. Mads Soegaard and Rikke Friis Dam. Aarhus, Denmark: The Foundation.

Travers, Jeffrey, and Stanley Milgram. 1969. An experimental study of the small world problem. Sociometry 32 (4):425–443.

Tufekci, Zeynep. 2008. Grooming, gossip, Facebook, and Myspace. Information Communication and Society 11 (4):544–564.

Tufte, E. R. 1986. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.

Tufte, E. R. 1990. Envisioning Information. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.

Tufte, E. R. 2006. Beautiful Evidence. Chesire, CT: Graphics Press.

Turkle, S. 1995. Life on the Screen. New York: Touchstone.

Turkle, S. 2006. Always-on/always-on-you: The tethered self. In Handbook of Mobile Communications and Social Change, ed. James E. Katz. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Turkle, S. 2012. The flight from conversation. New York Times, April 21 (online, Opinion section).

Turner, Gerard L’Estrange. 1983. Nineteenth-Century Scientific Instruments. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Turner, T., M. A. Smith, D. Fisher, and H. T. Welser. 2005. Picturing Usenet: Mapping computer-mediated collective action. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 10 (4). DOI: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00270.x.

Tyler, J. R., and J. C. Tang. 2003. When can i expect an email response? A study of rhythms in email usage. In Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Amsterdam: Kluwer Academic.

Ueda, Maki. 2006. Hole in the Earth homepage.

Uncontacted Tribes. Survival International Charitable Trust.

US Political Madness Forum: A call to rename “US Political Madness” forum to “The United States False Left Right Paradigm.” 2011.

Utz, Sonja. 2010. Show me your friends and I will tell you what type of person you are: How one’s profile, number of friends, and type of friends influence impression formation on social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 15 (2):314–335.

van Alphen, Ernst. 1996. The portrait’s dispersal: Concepts of representation and subjectivity in contemporary portraiture. In Portraiture: Facing the Subject, ed. Joanna Woodall, 239–256. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Van Vleck, Tom. 2001. The history of electronic mail.

Vazire, S., and S. D. Gosling. 2004. E-perceptions: Personality impressions based on personal Web sites. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 87 (1):123–132.

Venolia, G., L. Dabbish, J. J. Cadiz, and A. Gupta. 2001. Supporting email workflow. Technical Report MSR-TR-2001-88. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Research.

Venolia, G., and C. Neustaedter. 2003. Understanding sequence and reply relationships within email conversations: A mixed-model visualization. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’03). New York: ACM Press.

Vertegaal, Roel, Robert Slagter, Gerrit van der Veer, and Anton Nijholt. 2001. Eye gaze patterns in conversations: There is more to conversational agents than meets the eyes. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 301–308. New York: ACM Press

Vertegaal, Roel, Ivo Weevers, and Changuk Sohn. 2002. GAZE-2: An attentive video conferencing system. In Proceedings of CHI ’02: Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Viégas, Fernanda. 2007. Revealing individual and collective pasts: Visualizations of online social archives. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Viégas, Fernanda, and Judith Donath. 1999. Chat circles. In Proceeding of the CHI ’99 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 9–16. New York: ACM Press.

Viégas, Fernanda, and Judith Donath. 2002. PostHistory: Visualizing email networks over time. Paper presented at the International Sunbelt Social Network Conference XXII, New Orleans, LA, March 1–2.

Viégas, Fernanda, Scott Golder, and Judith Donath. 2006. Visualizing email content: Portraying relationships from conversational histories. In Proceedings of SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Viégas, Fernanda, E. Perry, E. Howe, and J. Donath. 2004. Artifacts of the presence era: Using information visualization to create an evocative souvenir. In Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Viégas, Fernanda, and Marc Smith. 2004. Newsgroup crowds and AuthorLines: Visualizing the activity of individuals in conversational cyberspaces. In Proceedings of 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS’04). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Viégas, Fernanda, Martin Wattenberg, and Dave Kushal. 2004. Studying cooperation and conflict between authors with history flow visualizations. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Vilhjálmsson, H. H., and J. Cassell. 1998. Body Chat: Autonomous communicative behaviors in avatars. In Proceedings of ACM Second International Conference on Autonomous Agents, 269–276. New York: ACM Press.

Vinge, Vernor. 2006. Rainbows End. New York: Tor Books.

Voida, Amy, Rebecca E. Grinter, Nicholas Ducheneaut, W. Keith Edwards, and Mark W. Newman. 2005. Listening in: Practices surrounding iTunes music sharing. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press.

Von Ahn, L., Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. Hopper, and John Langford. 2003. CAPTCHA: Using hard AI problems for security. In Advances in Cryptology—EUROCRYPT 2003, ed. Eli Biham. Berlin: Springer.

Von Ahn, L., B. Maurer, C. McMillen, D. Abraham, and M. Blum. 2008. Recaptcha: Human-based character recognition via Web security measures. Science 321 (5895):1465–1468.

Walther, Joseph B. 1996. Computer-mediated communication: Impersonal, interpersonal, and hyperpersonal interaction. Communication Research 23 (1):3–43.

Walther, Joseph B., Brandon Van Der Heide, Kim Sang-Yeon, David Westerman, and Stephanie Tom Tong. 2008. The role of friends’ appearance and behavior on evaluations of individuals on Facebook: Are we known by the company we keep? Human Communication Research 34 (1):28–49.

Ware, C. 2012. Information Visualization: Perception for Design. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann.

Warnicke, Reitha M. 2000. The Marrying of Anne of Cleves: Royal Protocol in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Warren, Samuel D., and Louis D. Brandeis. 1890. The right to privacy. Harvard Law Review 4 (5):193–220.

Warwick, K., and D. Cerqui. 2008. Prospects for thought communication: Brain to machine and brain to brain. In Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Medical Informatics, ed. P. Duquenoy, C. George, and K. Kimppa. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Warwick, K., M. Gasson, B. Hutt, I. Goodhew, P. Kyberd, H. Schulzrinne, and X. Wu. 2004. Thought communication and control: A first step using radiotelegraphy. In IEE Proceedings—Communications 151 (3):185–189.

Wasserman, S., and K. Faust. 1994. Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wattenberg, M. 2005. Baby names, visualization, and social data analysis. In Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (INFOVIS). Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Wattenberg, M., and J. Kriss. 2006. Designing for social data analysis. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 12 (4):549–557.

Watts, D. J., Peter S. Dodds, and M. E. J. Newman. 2002. Identity and search in social networks. Science 296:1302–1305.

Weiser, M., and J. Brown. 1996. Designing calm technology. PowerGrid Journal 1.01.

Welch, Chris. 2008. Beam me up, Wolf! CNN debuts election-night “hologram.”

Wellman, Barry, ed. 1999. Networks in the Global Village: Life in Contemporary Communities. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Wellman, Barry, Laura Garton, and Caroline Haythornthwaite. 1997. Studying online social networks. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 3 (1).

Wellman, Barry, and Milena Gulia. 1999. Net surfers don’t ride alone: Virtual communities as communities. In Networks in the Global Village, ed. Barry Wellman, 331–367. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Wellman, Barry, and Scot Wortley. 1990. Different strokes from different folks: Community ties and social support. American Journal of Sociology 96 (3):558–588.

Welser, H. T., E. Gleave, D. Fisher, and M. Smith. 2007. Visualizing the signatures of social roles in online discussion groups. Journal of Social Structure 8 (2).

Weng, Jianshu, Ee-Peng Lim, Jing Jiang, and Qi He. 2010. TwitterRank: Finding topic-sensitive influential twitterers. In Proceedings of the Third ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining. New York: ACM Press.

West, Shearer. 2004. Portraiture: Oxford History of Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wall Street Journal. 2010–2013. What they know.

Whitaker, Brian. 2011. Gay girl in Damascus was an arrogant fantasy. Guardian, June 13.

White, Harrison C. 1992. Identity and Control: A Structural Theory of Social Action. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Whittaker, S. 1995. Rethinking video as a technology for interpersonal communications: Theory and design implications. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 42 (5):501–529.

Whittaker, S., and C. Sidner. 1996. Email overload: exploring personal information management of email. In Proceedings of CHI’96 Conference on Computer Human Interaction. New York: ACM Press.

Whittaker, S., Loren Terveen, Will Hill, and Lynn Cherny. 1998. The dynamics of mass interaction. In Proceedings of 1998 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press.

Whyte, William H. 1988. City: Rediscovering the Center. New York: Doubleday.

Wilkinson, D. M., and B. A. Huberman. 2007. Cooperation and quality in Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 2007 International Symposium on Wikis. New York: ACM Press.

Wirth, L. 1938. Urbanism as a way of life. American Journal of Sociology 44 (1):1–24.

Wolff, Robert Paul. 1970. In Defense of Anarchism. New York: Harper & Row.

Woods-Marsden, Joanna. 1987. “Ritratto al Naturale”: Questions of realism and idealism in early Renaissance portraits. Art Journal 46 (3):209–216.

World Health Organization. 2010. Hidden Cities.

Xiong, Rebecca, and Judith Donath. 1999. PeopleGarden: Creating data portraits for users. In Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST). New York: ACM Press.

Yee, K. P., D. Fisher, R. Dhamija, and M. Hearst. 2001. Animated exploration of dynamic graphs with radial layout. In Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Yee, N. 2009. Befriending ogres and wood-elves: Relationship formation and the social architecture of Norrath. Game Studies 9(1).

Yee, N., and J. N. Bailenson. 2007. The Proteus effect: Self transformations in virtual reality. Human Communication Research 33 (3):271–290.

Yee, N., J. N. Bailenson, and N. Ducheneaut. 2009. The Proteus effect: Implications of transformed digital self-representation on online and offline behavior. Communication Research 36 (2):285–312.

Yee, N., Jeremy N. Bailenson, Mark Urbanek, Francis Chang, and Dan Merget. 2007. The unbearable likeness of being digital: The persistence of nonverbal social norms in online virtual environments. Cyberpsychology & Behavior 10 (1):115–121.

Yee, N., Helen Harris, Maria Jabon, and Jeremy N. Bailenson. 2011. The expression of personality in virtual worlds. Social Psychological and Personality Science 2 (1): 5–12.

Yee, N., Jason Ellis, and Nicolas Ducheneaut. 2009. The tyranny of embodiment. Artifact 2:1–6.

Yi, Ji Soo, Youn ah Kang, J. T. Stasko, and J. A. Jacko. 2007. Toward a deeper understanding of the role of interaction in information visualization. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 13(6): 1224–1231.

Young, Michael D., and Peter Willmott. 1992. Family and Kinship in East London. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Original edition, 1957.

Zakon, Robert. 1997. Hobbes’ Internet Timeline, 2000: The Internet Engineering Task Force.

Zebrowitz, L. 1997. Reading Faces. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Zebrowitz, L., and J. M. Montepare. 2008. Social psychological face perception: Why appearance matters. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 2 (3):1497–1517.

Zeman, Janice, and Judy Garber. 1996. Display rules for anger, sadness, and pain: It depends on who is watching. Child Development 67 (3):957–973.

Zerubavel, Eviatar. 1982. The standardization of time: A sociohistorical Perspective. American Journal of Sociology 88 (1):1–23.

Zinman, A. 2009. Personas.

Zinman, A., and J. Donath. 2007. Is Britney Spears spam? Paper presented at the Fourth Conference on Email and Anti-Spam, Mountain View, CA.

Zinman, A., and J. Donath. 2009. Signs: Increasing expression and clarity in instant messaging. In Proceedings of 42nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS ’09). Los Alamos, CA: IEEE Computing Society.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2006. The generative Internet. Harvard Law Review 119:1974–2040.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2008. The Future of the Internet—And How to Stop It. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Zuckerman, Ethan. 2008. Mapping: infrastructure and flow.

Zuckerman, Ethan. 2013. Rewire: Digital Cosmopolitans in the Age of Connection. New York: W. W. Norton.

Zuk, Torre, and Sheelagh Carpendale. 2006. Theoretical analysis of uncertainty visualizations. In Proceedings of Visualization and Data Analysis (SPIE 6060). DOI: 10.1117/12.643631.


No comments here